Monday, July 17, 2006

Immigrant Rights News -- Mon, July 17, 2006

1. Los Angeles Times, "Senate Approves Border Security Bill"

2. San Jose Mercury, "Activists aim to bring Asians into debate"

3. Washington Post, "GOP Fears Fallout Of Immigration Split. Fight May
Weaken Party, Some Say"

4. Los Angeles Times, "Arrest Immigrants, Flood the Courts. Congress is
blind to what a border crackdown would do to the overworked judiciary.

5. Rocky Mountain News, "Compromise bill derails strategy. Pro-immigrant
groups' future remains unclear"

6. Rocky Mountain News, "Funding questioned. Critics say some Defend
Colorado money tainted"

7. Chicago Tribune, "Minutemen name rescued. IDOT workers keep it even
though immigration group uses moniker"

8. Washington Post, "Virginia Guard Volunteers Heed Call to Scout Border.
Worry About Immigrants, Terrorism Among Motives"

9. Austin Chronicle, "Laredo Overrun by Documented Politicos"

10. Washington Post, "On Immigration, Liberalize to Crack Down"

<><><> 1

Los Angeles Times,1,5906392.story?coll

Senate Approves Border Security Bill
The legislation includes money for 1,000 more law enforcement agents. The
California senators' measure cracking down on tunnels also passes.

By Nicole Gaouette
Times Staff Writer

July 14, 2006

WASHINGTON — Even as prospects for a sweeping overhaul of immigration policy
remain in doubt, Congress is moving on other fronts to bolster security
along the border with Mexico and to toughen enforcement against illegal
immigrants already in the United States.

The latest steps came Thursday with the Senate's approval, 100-0, of a
$32.8-billion funding bill for the Department of Homeland Security that
includes additional border agents and more beds in detention centers to
facilitate deportation of illegal immigrants.

The discovery in January of a tunnel nearly half a mile long connecting an
industrial building in Tijuana with a warehouse in Otay Mesa, just north of
the border, prompted another measure that would make building underground
border conduits a criminal offense. Currently, no law specifically targets
such tunnels.

The Homeland Security bill demonstrates that even as the House and the
Senate remain at an impasse over separate legislation to rewrite immigration
laws, Congress is still likely to produce measures to tighten enforcement
along the nation's 2,000-mile southern border and inside the country.

The main challenge of border enforcement "is a question of appropriations,"
said Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.).

Kyl said that enforcement provisions in the Senate's immigration legislation
act as "a blueprint for what we are already doing, and we can continue to do

Throughout four days of debate on the bill, lawmakers raked the department
over the coals for its performance, particularly in its response to
Hurricane Katrina, and tussled over how to best allocate the bill's limited
funds, given a long roster of priorities.

Attempts by Senate Democrats to rewrite the formula for terrorism grants
failed, as lawmakers from smaller states complained that the move would
deprive them of funds. Amendments to pay for walls along the border with
Mexico and to increase the number of immigration investigators also fell
short, due to concerns about funding.

"The problem is, a big job of this bill is choosing where we're going to
protect ourselves: Is it the border, ports, transportation, airports?" said
Sen. Rick Santorum (R-Pa.), who sponsored a failed amendment to increase the
number of Border Patrol agents.

The bill provides $14.3 billion for defense of U.S. sea and land borders and
enforcement of immigration and customs laws — including $2.1 billion for
1,000 more Border Patrol agents and $1.3 billion for 1,000 new detention

An amendment sponsored by Kyl and passed by the Senate would add 1,700 bed
spaces, bringing the total number for 2007 to the 27,500 requested by
Homeland Security.

The legislation passed Thursday comes on top of an emergency bill, passed
last month in the Senate, for $1.9 billion to fund capital improvements
along the border. The money in that bill was subsequently redirected to send
up to 6,000 National Guard troops to support Border Patrol agents along the
southern border.

The Senate bill will have to be reconciled with the $31-billion Homeland
Security funding measure that the House passed in June. The House measure
provides $1.7 billion more than the White House sought. Like the House, the
Senate rejected an administration effort to raise taxes on airline tickets
to generate an additional $1.3 billion for the department.

Some border security amendments did pass the Senate this week, including a
$350-million proposal approved Tuesday for the purchase of helicopters,
cars, trucks and other equipment.

Another amendment passed Tuesday allocated $648 million for port security.

And in a voice vote Thursday, lawmakers passed a border tunnel measure
sponsored by Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and co-sponsored by Sen.
Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.). It would impose a 20-year prison sentence for
building or financing a cross-border underground passageway and would jail
for 10 years landowners who displayed a reckless disregard for the
construction or use of a tunnel on their land.

Since Sept. 11, 2001, 43 tunnels have been discovered in the U.S., all but
one spanning the border with Mexico. Eleven tunnels have been found near San
Diego this year, ranging from short, cramped "gopher holes" right at the
border to paved half-mile mega-tunnels with electric lighting, like the one
officials discovered in January.

That tunnel started in Tijuana and "was incredible," Feinstein said.

"The danger is clear, and you can be sure there are more tunnels out there."

Other provisions added to the bill included a measure to allow Americans to
import cheaper prescription drugs from Canada as long as they were for
personal use.

And by a vote of 87-11, senators agreed Tuesday to do away with the Federal
Emergency Management Agency and rebuild it with a new name — the U.S.
Emergency Management Authority — and with more control over disaster
programs, along with the ability to communicate directly with the president
during a crisis.

<><><> 2

San Jose Mercury

Activists aim to bring Asians into debate

By Jessie Mangaliman
Mercury News

There are as many as 180,000 undocumented Asians in the Bay Area, but the
recent national debate about illegal immigration feels as if it's strictly a
Latino issue, some legal advocates said.

``Immigration reform is not just a Latino issue,'' said Christopher
Punongbayan, advocacy director for Filipinos for Affirmative Action, an
Oakland civil rights group. ``There is still work that needs to be done in
our communities, to let people know that these issues affect us and that we
have influence over public policy decisions.''

Hoping to engage more Asians in the public immigration discourse, a panel of
lawyers and community leaders today will discuss how reform proposals now
being considered by Congress and the Senate could also affect Asian
immigrants in the United States. The panel discussion, part of a local
monthly series, will be held at the United Way Building in San Jose.

``It's clearly an issue that has local and national impact,'' said Joren
Lyons, a staff attorney for the Asian Law Caucus, a legal advocacy group in
San Francisco. Lyons will also be on the panel.

``We want to dispel the myth that what's going on in Washington is all about
Latinos,'' Lyons said. ``There are undocumented Asians. They're out there.
We want people to recognize that the community has a stake in this.''

The Pew Hispanic Center in Washington, D.C., has estimated there are 1.5
million undocumented Asians in the United States. In the Bay Area, according
to some local estimates, there are between 80,000 to 180,000.

Larisa Casillas, policy director for Services, Immigrant Rights and
Education Network (SIREN), said that critical Asian perspectives on
immigration reform has been largely silent, perhaps overshadowed by the
Latino perspective.

Casillas, who is moderating the panel discussion, said she is pleased that
work to spread public awareness of the issue is now being done.

The discussion is being sponsored by Vision New America, a San Jose
non-profit that works to increase participation of Asians in civic and
community activities; and South Bay First Thursdays, a monthly dinner series
focusing on issues affecting Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders.

``There's a stereotype that all undocumented immigrants are Latinos,''
Casillas said. ``So we're taking our mandate to inform different immigrant

Casillas said she was surprised by the estimated size of the undocumented
Asian population in the United States and the Bay Area.

But as immigrant advocates have long reported, the undocumented population,
contrary to the stereotype that it's all Latino or all Mexican, is varied.
There are Filipinos with expired tourist visas, Indian and Chinese engineers
with lapsed H-1B visas and relatives with expired visitor's visas.

Among immigrant groups, Filipinos, Indians and Chinese have the longest
wait, some as long as 25 years, for a visa for relatives, Punongbayan said.
A provision in the Senate bill under consideration includes a reduction in
the visa backlog that could help re-unite many Asian families, he said.

The seeming reluctance of Asians to jump into the immigration reform debate
may stem from a lack of awareness about the impact of proposed legislation
in Congress, some advocates said.

However, a practical reason may be greater difficulties in community
outreach, Lyons said. With Latinos, he said, information is dispensed in one
language, Spanish. With Asian-Americans, advocates face a daunting task of
translating information into a dozen languages.

``It's extremely time-consuming,'' Lyons said. ``It does slow down the
organizing effort.''


The panel will be held at 6:30 p.m. in room 105 of the United Way Building,
1922 The Alameda, San Jose. Additional information is online
( To reserve a seat, call Tamon Norimoto at (408)

Contact Jessie Mangaliman at jmangaliman@mercury or (408) 920-5794.

<><><> 3

Washington Post

GOP Fears Fallout Of Immigration Split
Fight May Weaken Party, Some Say

By Charles Babington
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, July 16, 2006; A04

They monitor the same polls and national debate over immigration, yet House
Republicans are reaching dramatically different conclusions from President
Bush and Senate GOP leaders regarding which political and policy routes to
take, a disagreement that may haunt their party in years to come.

House Republicans overwhelmingly favor a get-tough approach that deals only
with tightening the U.S. border with Mexico and bolstering efforts to
capture and deport illegal immigrants. With time growing short for a
compromise, House members appear more wedded to their stand than ever and
have held hearings that ridicule the approach taken by Bush and the Senate.

The Senate bill would tighten borders but also provide an expanded
guest-worker program and opportunities for many of the nation's estimated 11
million illegal immigrants to achieve legal status, possibly including

House Republicans reject the approach as "amnesty" that rewards lawbreakers.

Both camps say they are right not only on the issue's substance but also on
its politics. Each group claims to have the Republican Party's best
interests at heart. By definition, both cannot be right, and if the party
misplays its hand on the volatile issue, the consequences could be dire,
according to a variety of politicians.

"If we lose a generation of Hispanic immigrants, the Republican Party will
be a minority party for a long time," said Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-Neb.), a
chief sponsor of the Senate bill. That is what will happen if the House
approach prevails, he predicts, and things will not be much better if the
House and Senate fail to reach a compromise before the November election.

Americans "want this problem resolved," Hagel said, and if it is not, "the
Republicans, I believe, will be blamed, because we control the process."

House GOP leaders are equally convinced that they are the ones reading the
political winds correctly and saving their party from a harsh voter

"I believe that the American people are much closer to where the House is,"
Majority Leader John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) said last week. Asked how veteran,
successful politicians from the same party could assess the situation so
differently, Boehner replied: "I wish I knew."

It is not the first time the GOP-controlled House and Senate have clashed,
but in most cases Bush has been aligned with the House. That was true during
protracted debates over renewing the USA Patriot Act, curbing interrogation
techniques allowed on military detainees, and limiting the number of pet
projects added to a spending bill for the Iraq war and Hurricane Katrina
recovery. Bush also sided with the House in seeking constitutional bans on
flag desecration and same-sex marriage, which the Senate rejected.

In all those cases, Bush and the House took more conservative stands than
did the Senate. But in the immigration debate, Bush is aligned with the more
liberal Senate position -- which most GOP Senate leaders embraced but most
rank-and-file Republicans opposed -- because of a philosophy and goal he
shares with Hagel, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) and others.

Since his days as Texas governor, Bush has advocated comparatively generous
treatment of illegal immigrants who work hard and avoid trouble. He and
political advisers such as Karl Rove dream of bolstering the GOP well into
the future by attracting large numbers of Latinos, the fastest-growing
segment of the American electorate.

Many elected officials and political analysts say inherent differences
between House and Senate members also help explain their approaches to
immigration. House members must defend their seats every other year, and are
much more likely than senators to have a homogenous constituency with
clearly defined views on a matter such as immigration.

Senators have a six-year break between campaigns, and represent entire
states that typically have a broader mix of urban, rural, conservative and
liberal voters. Senators are far more likely than House members to have
presidential aspirations, which prompt a more national approach to politics.

"It's the difference between long term and short term," said Sen. John Thune
(R-S.D.), who spent six years in the House and who opposed the Senate bill.
"House members think about November, because they run every two years."

With their majority status at risk this fall, Thune said, House Republicans
are taking a hard line on immigration because "it generates a lot of
emotion," especially among conservative voters, whose turnout will be

House Republicans "are probably right in the short term," Thune said. But
for Bush and Rove, he said, "the question is, 'How can we reach out to a
group that is the fastest-growing segment?' "

Four key GOP backers of the Senate bill -- Hagel, McCain, Sam Brownback
(Kan.) and Majority Leader Bill Frist (Tenn.) -- have presidential
ambitions. "They, like Bush and Rove, think about the long-term fate of the
GOP and the importance of Latinos," said Thomas E. Mann, a Brookings
Institution scholar and co-author of a new book on Congress.

Senators say most polls support their position. A New York Times/CBS poll in
May found that 61 percent of Americans think illegal immigrants who have
lived and worked in the United States for at least two years should be given
a chance to keep their jobs and eventually apply for legal status; 35
percent agreed with the House's position that they should be deported.

In a recent Manhattan Institute poll of likely Republican voters, 72 percent
said it was extremely or very important "for Congress to solve the problem
of illegal immigration this year." Yet the two chambers appear deadlocked.

Rep. Jack Kingston (R-Ga.) says such surveys miss the point. "I think the
Senate probably is reading the polls," he said, "but I think the House
members are listening to real people in real situations. . . . People keep
saying: border security, biometric cards [to prove legal status] and no

Some lawmakers hope for a compromise in which tougher border enforcement
eventually would trigger a broader guest-worker program and legal status for
some of the undocumented workers already here. But Rep. Eric I. Cantor
(R-Va.) is dubious.

"I think the frustration level is so high," he said. "If you are talking
about triggers now -- without having proven you can control the border --
the question is, trigger what? Trigger amnesty?"

The Senate also shows little appetite for compromise. "I don't think the
Senate will go for anything that is not comprehensive in nature," Hagel
said. He fears that the debate and impasse are driving his party toward
serious trouble with Latino and non-Latino voters alike.

"We are seen by too many as an intolerant party," Hagel said. "And the
majority of Americans are not going to elect intolerant representatives."

<><><> 4

Los Angeles Times

Arrest Immigrants, Flood the Courts
Congress is blind to what a border crackdown would do to the overworked

By Charles L. Lindner
CHARLES L. LINDNER is past president of the Los Angeles Criminal Bar Assn.

July 16, 2006

HOUSE Republicans pushing an enforcement-first approach to illegal
immigration have been silent on one key question: What happens after an
immigrant is arrested?

U.S. District Judge Robert C. Brack puts it another way: "You can add Border
Patrol agents, but if you do, you'd better think [downstream]. You'd better
think marshals; you'd better think prosecutors, probation and pretrial
services officers, defense lawyers, judges and clerk's staff — all of those

The problem is that almost no one in Congress is thinking about the effects
of tougher immigration enforcement on the federal judiciary system.
House-passed legislation does not allocate the money needed to pay for its
proposed crackdown on illegal immigrants. Nor does the Senate bill.

Make no mistake, a compromise on the two bills probably will contain
enforcement provisions tougher than those now on the books. At a minimum,
the Border Patrol will be beefed up. The House bill would add 1,000 agents,
the Senate's 2,500 as quickly as possible. How might the increase affect the
federal judiciary system?

Of the 69,000 federal criminal cases filed last year, 17,000 were
immigration-related. Many were for illegal entry into the United States;
human smuggling was the fastest-growing arrest category. In a five-month
period in Arizona in 2004, the Border Patrol reported arresting 203,460
unauthorized immigrants. It pursued the prosecution of 2,067 felony and
misdemeanor cases. In other words, the government prosecuted one criminal
case for every 100 immigrants apprehended.

Prosecuting a larger fraction of the immigrants caught during that period
would have put added pressure on the federal judiciary there. But the
purpose of adding border agents is to make more arrests and get more
convictions. Clearly, at some point, the federal judiciary system would be
unable to process the increasing caseload unless significantly buttressed.

Judges would be the first to feel the burden of tougher enforcement. About
1,100 of them sit in the nation's federal district courts, and they are
already overworked. (By way of comparison, California alone has 1,399
Superior Court judges.) Federal judges, on average, each have 87 open felony
cases before them. In Brack's district in New Mexico, a state hard-hit by
illegal immigration, the average caseload is 405. In the Laredo division of
Texas' southern federal district, which also is on the frontline of the
illegal influx, the average is 1,400.

Congress is reluctant to add to the supply of judges by appointing new ones
because more judges mean more courthouses, more offices for federal
prosecutors and public defenders, more marshals, more clerks and so on — and
that is costly.

Most expensively, more illegal immigrant arrests and convictions mean more
prisons and staff to run them. The federal Bureau of Prisons operates 106
facilities and 28 urban correction centers for pretrial detainees. It
oversees 185,000 prisoners; its 2006 budget is $4.9 billion.

Consider this worst-case scenario: The immigration legislation passed by the
House in December would make illegal presence in this country a felony. If
just 1% of the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants were arrested and
convicted under the proposed law, the Bureau of Prisons would be
overwhelmed. In the last three years, it added more than 11,000 inmate beds.
Imprisoning the new felons would require 110,000 more beds. New prisons
would cost of billions of dollars.

The Department of Homeland Security, through Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, can — and would — avoid putting immigrants through the criminal
justice system by increasing its use of administrative detention for alleged
immigration violators. Just how many would be detained and for how long is
unknown, but the waiting period for a hearing can stretch into years. As of
2004, ICE operated 16 detention centers in eight states and one in Puerto
Rico. The facilities currently house about 23,000 detainees.

Under the Senate-passed legislation, the Congressional Budget Office
reports, 20 new immigration detention centers would have to be built, at a
cost of $70 million each. These facilities would collectively house 10,000
prisoners at a time, which is less than a thousandth of the lower end of the
estimated illegal immigrant population. The cost of staff and maintenance
from 2007 to 2011 would be $1.5 billion.

Tough talk on immigration is cheap. But the politicians who engage in it
risk collapsing a judiciary system already overburdened with criminal cases.
Creating more criminals hardly seems the answer

<><><> 5

Rocky Mountain News

Compromise bill derails strategy
Pro-immigrant groups' future remains unclear

By Myung Oak Kim, Rocky Mountain News
July 15, 2006

The face of the pro-immigrant campaign is 100 percent Coloradan, with names
like Federico Peña and Gary Hart. But much of the strategy and money has
come from inside the Beltway.

Keep Colorado Safe, the group that led the fight against an effort to deny
services to illegal immigrants, received money and guidance from the
nation's fastest-growing union, a Latino advocacy group and a civil rights
coalition - all based in Washington, D.C.

The reason: To make Colorado the national model in unifying grass-roots
organizations to fight anti-illegal immigrant ballot initiatives.

But Keep Colorado Safe didn't get to launch its campaign because Initiative
55, sponsored by the anti-illegal immigration group Defend Colorado Now,
unexpectedly died. And to thwart legislative efforts to send the measure to
the ballot, Keep Colorado Safe chairman Peña agreed with opponents to push a
compromise bill, which passed Monday. Two other immigration-related measures
are on the ballot, though neither targets services for illegal immigrants.

Now, the future of Keep Colorado Safe and other pro-immigrant coalitions is
unclear. And tensions that existed for months among local immigrant
advocates are even greater now because of anger over the Peña compromise and
the new laws.

Members of Keep Colorado Safe met Thursday but have not yet decided their
next move. Partners in Washington, who have closely watched Colorado's
immigration drama, continue to keep an eye and a hand in Keep Colorado
Safe's decisions.

Among them are the Service Employees International Union and the National
Council of La Raza, the country's largest Latino civil rights group. They
had planned to make Colorado the poster child of how to fight the wave of
anti-illegal immigration laws sweeping the nation. And they were prepared to
spend heavily to make that happen.

SEIU and other national groups had participated in the 2004 fight against an
anti-illegal immigrant ballot measure in Arizona. But they watched with
disappointment as immigrant advocates launched separate campaigns and voters
approved Proposition 200.

Colorado, they vowed, would be different.

The groups saw a great opportunity in the perceived flaws in Initiative 55,
which would have denied services to illegal immigrants and allowed citizens
to sue agencies that didn't comply.

Then the state Supreme Court disqualified the measure from the ballot on a
technicality. An angry Gov. Bill Owens called a special session of the
legislature. And lawmakers crafted what they call the toughest anti-illegal
immigration laws in the country.

Keep Colorado Safe leaders say the laws are much more humane than Initiative
55. But many pro-immigrant groups see them as mean-spirited.

"It sends a message that Colorado is an unwelcoming state for everyone,"
said Devin Burghart of the Center for New Community, a Chicago-based group
critical of Defend Colorado Now leaders.

That leaves Keep Colorado Safe and its partners facing the question: What

Old allies come together.

Keep Colorado Safe originally formed in 2004 to fight an Initiative 55 twin
sponsored by U.S. Rep. Tom Tancredo, R-Littleton.

The group included representatives from more than a dozen local
organizations, including Colorado Progressive Coalition, Rights for All
People, American Friends Service Committee and Padres Unidos. They were old
allies, joining in 2002 to defeat the English-only measure Amendment 31.

The political consulting firm of Welchert & Britz challenged the Tancredo
initiative in the state Supreme Court on behalf of Keep Colorado Safe.
Tancredo won, but by the time the ruling was made his supporters ran out of
time to collect signatures for the ballot.

Keep Colorado Safe resurfaced last year to oppose Initiative 55. And local
leaders began asking Washington friends for help.

Catherine Han Montoya, a former local social service agency worker who
campaigned against Amendment 31, was now working at the National Council of
La Raza. She began a series of visits to Denver to work on the campaign
against Initiative 55.

She also enlisted help from the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
Education Fund and the Center for New Community. The three groups had just
begun a collaboration to help states fight anti-illegal immigrant ballot
initiatives through a $1.1 million grant from Atlantic Philanthropies.

Atlantic Philanthropies, created in 1982 by Charles F. Feeney with his
wealth from Duty Free Shoppers Group, Ltd., has given $3.4 billion in mostly
anonymous grants across the world to civil rights and educational causes.

<><><> 6

Rocky Mountain News,1299,DRMN_15_4846799,0

Funding questioned
Critics say some Defend Colorado money tainted

By Kevin Flynn
Rocky Mountain News
July 15, 2006

Defend Colorado Now took in thousands of contributions, large and small,
from earnest Coloradans concerned about the negative effects of illegal

But critics of the state group are saying that its outside money came with a

Its largest contributions have come from a national group whose longstanding
campaigns for immigration cuts, border defense and official English have
brought it some fringe and sometimes unwelcome bedfellows - racists.

It's a fact of life that hasn't escaped the principal outside donor, John
Tanton, a retired ophthalmologist and longtime environmentalist regarded by
many as one of the progenitors of the immigration control movement.

One of Tanton's many organizations, U.S. Inc., in his upstate Michigan
hometown of Petoskey, gave a total of $48,000 to Defend Colorado Now. That's
30 percent of the total of more than $161,000 the group collected in just
over two years.

Frequently attacked by leftist critics as a hate organization, Tanton's
empire of immigration groups attracts a wide diversity of supporters. He
can't help it, he says, if some of them don't like minorities.

"One of the hazards of holding opinions is that there are always going to be
some confused folks who share those views," Tanton wrote in a statement
posted on the Web site of his Social Contract Press, publisher of numerous
immigration pieces including some by authors who express white nationalist
or separatist views.

"The fact that there may be some misguided people who want to cut
immigration, however, does not mean it is an inherently bad idea, any more
than Mussolini's getting Italian trains to run on schedule serves as an
argument against well-run railroads," wrote Tanton, who didn't reply to a
request from the Rocky Mountain News for an interview.

The controversy that has dogged Tanton came to Colorado last week when a
Chicago anti-racist group, Center for New Community, issued a report on
Defend Colorado Now. It laid out connections between the Colorado leaders,
Fred Elbel and former governor Dick Lamm, with Tanton - and by extension,
with Tanton's fellow travelers.

Defend Colorado Now's political mission, to get Initiative 55 onto
November's ballot, failed when the Colorado Supreme Court last month stopped
its petition drive cold. The justices ruled the initiative violated the
single-subject rule for ballot measures.

But the failure led directly to Gov. Bill Owens calling the recently ended
special session of the legislature to deal with immigration issues. In
effect, Defend Colorado Now achieved some of what it was after.

"The 50,000 petition signatures we gathered made all this happen this year,"
Elbel said. "The voice of the people was heard."

As for efforts to link his movement with white nationalist and racists,
Elbel writes it off as scare tactics.

"In my opinion, people who rely upon racial attacks demonstrate that they
don't have a solid argument against reducing immigration numbers," he said.

Interest is environmental

Lamm also defended Tanton.

"I think the racism charge is bull----," said the former governor."The other
side has cried racism so much I am so tired of that. John (Tanton) is one of
the people who is pushing the envelope on certain subjects, but over my
years with John, I have had no doubt that his primary motivation is

Tanton's history indeed shows that he came to his hard-line position on
immigration from decades of involvement in the environmental movement,
particularly the Sierra Club.

He has known Lamm for nearly 40 years, and he followed Lamm as national
president of Zero Population Growth in 1975.

Tanton, 72, has been a Sierra Club member since the late 1960s and held
several local and national positions. His unsuccessful efforts to get the
Sierra Club to see immigration and population growth as one of the leading
threats to the environment led him to form the Federation for American
Immigration Reform - FAIR - in 1979.

Starting there, he went on to form or spin off numerous related
organizations, including those that push official English policies as well
as immigration controls.

One group he helped to form is WITAN, from an Old English term, witenagemot,
or a council of wise men. Its periodic meetings have included Jared Taylor
of the New Century Foundation and its white nationalist American Renaissance
magazine. The current featured offer on American Renaissance's Web site is a
report called "The Color of Crime" highlighting higher crime rates among
blacks and discounting racial bias over inherent cultural traits as a

Lamm said he is uncomfortable with Taylor's philosophy but doesn't see a
direct connection between Tanton and Taylor aside from attendance at some of
the same events.

"I know who Jared Taylor is," said Lamm, who in the 1960s was a civil rights
attorney for Colorado's anti-discrimination commission, and who was a
founding member and first vice president of the NAACP chapter at Berkeley.

"If there's an association there with Jared Taylor, if I were John, I'd
disavow it," Lamm said.

Comments seen as racist

In a memo to WITAN meeting attendees in 1986 aimed at fostering discussion,
Tanton made a number of remarks that critics took as racist.

One example: "As Whites see their power and control over their lives
declining, will they simply go quietly into the night?"

And, "Perhaps this is the first instance in which those with their pants up
are going to get caught by those with their pants down!"

Disclosure of the private memo was embarrassing enough to convince allies
Walter Cronkite and Linda Chavez to resign from Tanton's U.S. English group.

Tanton's far-flung interests also remain strongly in the environmental camp,
as well as purely local concerns. He helps to fund an effort to lessen
artificial lighting at night; research into birds of prey in the Great Lakes
region; to promote grazing native animals on dry lands in the western U.S.
and east Africa; and to install a statue to martyred Irish patriot Robert
Emmet in Petoskey, which is in Emmet County.

But the focus of immigration control advocates inevitably settles into a
discussion of culture - primarily America's white European culture and the
threat that Third World immigration poses from the standpoints of crime, the
economy and even religion.

Anti-Catholicism is a strong strain in the immigration control movement
because of the Catholic Church's liberal position on increased immigration,
particularly from Latin America.

Brenda Walker, a Sierra Club associate of Elbel's who joined in unsuccessful
effort to elect immigration control candidates including Lamm to the club's
board of directors in 2004, had harsh words on her blog on a white
nationalist Web site, VDare. Her claim is that the church needs Latino
immigrants who are more passive and unquestioning.

"Apparently, as good authoritarians, the Catholic hierarchy prefers
passively obedient parishioners -rather than educated Americans who are
capable of critical analysis," Walker wrote. "Credulous Mexicans fresh from
the pueblo are seen as ideal fillers of pews."

VDare is named for the first white child born in North America, Virginia
Dare of the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island, North Carolina. The site is run
by immigration critic and author Peter Brimelow - himself an immigrant to
America from Great Britain. His works have been published or distributed by
Tanton's Social Contract Press.

Another of Social Contract's frequent contributors was the late Sam Francis.
In a speech that got him fired as a columnist from the Washington Times,
Francis opined that western civilization couldn't have developed except for
the genetic traits of the white race - and that western values couldn't be
passed to other races.

He said the election of Barack Obama of Illinois to the U.S. Senate would be
"the moment when America. . . is transformed into the non-white multiracial
empire symbolized and led by 'people like Obama.' "

Ties close to home

But the closest ties between Tanton and the white nationalist and
segregationist movements is in his own office complex in Petoskey.

Wayne Lutton is editor of Social Contract Press. A widely published author
and intellectual on matters of immigration and culture, Lutton co-authored
with Tanton in 1994 a widely read book on the issue titled The Immigration

In a display of the strange brew of interests attracted to the book's point
of view, the foreword was written by the late liberal senator from
Minnesota, Eugene McCarthy, and the book was favorably reviewed on the Web
site of former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke.

But Lutton has been directly involved with white nationalists such as
Taylor. Lutton has been a speaker at an American Renaissance meeting and is
involved with the parent organization, New Century Foundation.

Lutton has also been on the advisory board of the publication of the Council
of Conservative Citizens, the successor group to the White Citizens
Councils, which fought desegregation in the south in the 1950s and 1960s. In
1999, then Republican National Chairman Jim Nicholson, of Colorado, branded
the group as racist and called on any Republicans who belonged to it to

Lutton also has written articles for the Journal of Historical Review,
published by the Holocaust-denial group Institute for Historical Review.
Lutton's articles haven't dealt with Holocaust denial, but with other World
War II issues.

Lutton deflected questions about his racial beliefs.

"I'm not involved" in white nationalist groups, he said. "I'm on record as
just being a conservative academic. I've been described pretty accurately as
sort of a right wing green."

Another source of left-wing criticism of Tanton is that his original
organization, FAIR, accepted about $1.2 million in funding between 1985 and
1994 from the New York-based Pioneer Fund.

The purpose of the fund is to "advance the scientific study of heredity and
human differences." Critics such as the Southern Poverty Law Center call it
a hate group because it has funded some activities of white nationalists
including Taylor.

The fund defends itself on its Web site, saying it is simply interested in
discovering any scientific bases for differences among races.

FAIR stopped accepting money from Pioneer after disclosure of the funding
provided damaging publicity during 1994 California campaign on Proposition
187, which would have cut off social services to illegal immigrants.

California voters passed 187 but it was later overturned by a federal court. or 303-892-5247

<><><> 7

Chicago Tribune,1,94734

Minutemen name rescued
IDOT workers keep it even though immigration group uses moniker

By Jason George
Tribune staff reporter

July 16, 2006

When the state's tow-truck teams found their Minutemen nickname increasingly
confused with immigration enforcement advocates of the same name, some
managers decided to steer clear of controversy.

But last week, Illinois Department of Transportation officials decided to
stick with the name motorists have gotten used to during the last four
decades, regardless of who else is using it.

During the last several weeks, Minutemen managers in the Chicago area had
begun replacing "Illinois Minutemen" patches on drivers' coveralls with ones
that say "Emergency Traffic Patrol," the group's original and official name.
Graphics on the lime-yellow tow-trucks that contained the phrase "Illinois
Minutemen" also were scheduled to be removed, according to drivers.

The public relations tune-up was an attempt to distinguish the
red-jumpsuited Minutemen, who patrol Illinois highways for disabled
vehicles, from other Minutemen groups who have patrolled the U.S.-Mexican
border for illegal immigrants and are a prominent voice for stricter
immigration enforcement.

IDOT spokesman Mike Claffey said the Minutemen management took action with
good intentions, but without authorization from officials at IDOT's district
headquarters in Schaumburg, who learned of the changes from the Tribune last

"There was a proposal that was floated among personnel at Emergency Traffic
Patrol. There was concern that people might mix up the IDOT Minutemen and
this other group," Claffey said. "However, this proposal had never been
signed off on by IDOT higher-ups.

"Upon consideration we are not going to go in that direction," he said,
pointing out that most people can distinguish between the two groups. "We
feel very confident that the motoring public understands that the Minutemen
are there to help them when their car breaks down--regardless of what they
look like or where they come from."

Emma Lozano, director of Centro Sin Fronteras, which advocates for legal and
illegal immigrants, said the decision from IDOT headquarters was

"I wish they would have [made the change] because it would have shown such
understanding about what the immigrant community is going through," she

Lozano said the word "minuteman" has developed a negative connotation for
many Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, especially new immigrants who know the
word only from the immigration debate. She doesn't doubt that someone,
somewhere has mistaken the tow trucks for an illegal-immigrant patrol.

Jorge Mujica, one of the organizers of the large immigration marches in
Chicago this spring, agreed that it is confusing to have state employees
operating under the Minutemen name.

"Immigrants don't know that these [IDOT workers] are good people--just the
name scares people," he said. "They will think that state authorities are
working with immigration to get them."

Such logic is laughable, said Rosanna Pulido of the Illinois Minuteman

"This ought to be in some comedy show," she said. "Any straight-thinking
American-born person knows that the Minutemen are there to fix your car--end
of story."

Because of their rapid response to wrecks, the Emergency Traffic Patrol were
given the nickname "minutemen" in the 1960s by Erv Hayden, a Chicago police
sergeant who provided "eye in the sky" traffic reports for WGN radio,
according to IDOT.

The nickname stuck, and over the years the tow-truck drivers have delivered
babies, put out fires and saved the lives of countless motorists.

Zen McHugh, who's driven a Minutemen truck for six years, spent Wednesday
evening patrolling the Dan Ryan Expressway, as usual. He already had the
"Illinois Minutemen" patch replaced with the "Emergency Traffic Patrol"
version. McHugh said he would have missed the Minuteman title if it had been
replaced, but he understood the thinking.

No matter what he's called, he said, his focus will remain on clearing the
roads safely.

"It's like Lake Michigan: It can be calm, and then the next minute, we're
running like we've never run before," he said. "You don't know what's around
the corner."

He then started up his truck and drove off to see what was there.


<><><> 8

Washington Post

Virginia Guard Volunteers Heed Call to Scout Border
Worry About Immigrants, Terrorism Among Motives

By Karin Brulliard
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, July 17, 2006; A06

FORT PICKETT, Va. -- Staff Sgt. Michael Roush stood in the damp southern
Virginia heat and pondered the Arizona desert where he was headed.

On one side of the tree-lined road behind him, a Virginia National Guard
soldier playing the part of a detainee lay on his stomach as a colleague
frisked him. On the other side, a camouflage-clad sergeant warned a group of
soldiers that border-crossing migrants are driven by potentially dangerous

"It's a whole new ballgame for us," said Roush, 38, a veteran of war in
Bosnia and the Hurricane Katrina cleanup on the Gulf Coast. "Normally when
we go somewhere, you know who the enemy is. This one you don't."

When the call went out late last month for Virginia Guard volunteers to help
the U.S. Border Patrol stem illegal immigration on the southwestern
frontier, Roush and more than 300 others had signed up within days. Last
week, the first 120-person contingent arrived at this base south of Richmond
for basic training that included reading maps, treating wounds and using
rifles as splints. They were to leave this weekend for a two-month stint.

For Guard soldiers and airmen accustomed to hurricanes and war zones, the
border work is unusual -- part humanitarian, part homeland security and all
swept up in a political firestorm over immigration. But the Virginia
volunteers, some recently returned from Iraq, were firm that the operation
is crucial to saving immigrants from death in the desert, keeping them out
of the United States or some of both.

"Just people trying to make a better life," Roush said. "But you've got to
limit it."

President Bush pledged in May to station National Guard troops along the
southwestern U.S. border with Mexico as a stopgap measure until more Border
Patrol agents are hired and trained, a plan cheered by border-control
backers. Although Guard members, who will be armed, have been assigned such
humdrum duties as building fences, manning surveillance towers and crunching
payroll figures, criticism of the deployment has been fierce: Some critics
decried the "militarization" of the border, and others denounced the
deployment as a misuse of overtaxed Guard forces or a token offering of
toughness that would be of little help.

The administration plan called for 2,500 Guard troops to be in place by July
1 and 6,000 by Aug. 1. By early this month, there were widespread reports
that not even half were on the border. White House and Guard officials
disputed that, however, saying the promise had technically been fulfilled --
more than 2,500 soldiers were inside the four border states by June 30, they
said, but most were still training.

As of Thursday evening, more than 3,600 Guard troops had arrived in Arizona,
California, Texas and New Mexico, National Guard spokeswoman Kristine Munn
said. About 1,400 were deployed in direct support of the Border Patrol, she
said; the rest were in training or at the Guard's four in-state

The governors of 30 states, including Maryland and Virginia, had agreed by
Thursday to send Guard volunteers, if asked, Munn said. Kevin Hall, a
spokesman for Virginia Gov. Timothy M. Kaine (D), said Kaine agreed to send
as many as 500 troops after state Guard officials assured him that the
remaining force could respond quickly to hurricanes or other calamities. A
Maryland National Guard spokesman said the border states had not requested
Maryland soldiers.

The Border Patrol has touted the operation's success. Last week, the agency
credited the National Guard with helping agents detain 518 illegal
immigrants and seize more than 4,700 pounds of marijuana and 18.5 pounds of
cocaine. Guard support has allowed nearly 170 agents -- fewer than 2 percent
of the those posted along the Southwest border -- to abandon non-law
enforcement duties and return to patrol work, agency officials said.

"They have been instrumental," Border Patrol spokesman Mario Martinez said.

But not everyone is so sure. T.J. Bonner, president of the National Border
Patrol Council, said federal dollars would be better spent on technology and
more agents. The deployment is a "political showpiece" with minimal
potential impact, he said, noting that the Border Patrol said the Guard
presence will free up at most about 500 agents for patrol duties and that
some states are sending troops for just two weeks.

"There's only so much they can learn" in a short time, Bonner said.

For Virginia Guard members, the deployment is a good occasion to take part
in a national mission, represent their state and get hot-weather training
that could come in handy, Maj. Gen. General Robert B. Newman Jr., head of
the state Guard, told reporters here. The Arizona desert, Newman said,
"bears a whole lot of resemblance to Afghanistan and Iraq."

At the edge of a grassy field on the 45,000-acre base last week, soldiers
and airmen from units across Virginia toted dummy rifles and gulped water.
Among them were police officers and electricians, an Army band clarinetist
and a father of six.

For many, political tussles over illegal immigration seemed far away and
irrelevant. Staff Sgt. Darin Black, 41, a medic, chose to miss his first
wedding anniversary to go to Arizona because he is "a professional
soldier -- no matter what the mission." And Pvt. James Allport, 21, who
hopes to serve in Iraq, is taking his camera to Arizona because "it does
look nice down there, from all the pictures."

For others, the immigration issue played a part.

At one first-aid training station, 1st Sgt. Ward Moore watched as Pvt. Aram
Christopher knelt over a soldier portraying a person in shock. A trainer
barked questions: Should Christopher move the casualty's head to the side?
What if the casualty has a neck injury?

Shock, Moore noted, is a condition not uncommon in migrants felled by heat
and exhaustion. Training, he said, had included briefings on the border
situation: the drugs smuggled across, the empty water bottles dotting the
landscape, the so-called coyotes who promise clients a one-hour walk. And
the bicycles abandoned by people who set out on quixotic rides only to be
sidelined by rocky and scorching desolation.

"A lot of them have been sold a bill of goods," said Moore, standing with
his arms akimbo. He recently bought a time share in Puerto Vallarta, he
said, and saw muddy Mexican poverty around the corner from resorts where
employees wash the trunks of palm trees. The border work, he said, is a
"humanitarian-type mission."

Across the road, Roush watched Sgt. Timothy Bayless, 28, give a session on
"operational awareness." Roush, a police officer, said thousands of troops
along the border does not equal militarization -- it won't be "martial law
or anything," he said -- but it will certainly help close the border. And
that must be done, he said.

"We have a lot of drug trade that comes across there," Roush said. "We have
people that aren't able to get jobs here. It's not necessarily supporting
the economy."

In the shade by the first-aid station, Cpl. Rick Sommers had joined Moore.
Sommers said he was border-bound for a host of reasons: He is concerned
about terrorism and drugs coming into the United States and upset about
illegal immigrants already in the country and the employers who hire them.

Sommers, a former firefighter from Appomattox, Va., said he has seen
firsthand the use of public services by illegal immigrants -- who, he has
heard, hurt the economy and use false Social Security numbers. The recent
retiree had been thinking about joining the Minuteman civilian border patrol
when the Guard called.

"If I did the things that they're doing, I'd be in jail," Sommers said of
illegal immigrants. "Enough is enough."

<><><> 9

Austin Chronicle [July 7/8, 2006]

Laredo Overrun by Documented Politicos


The House of Representatives brought the second of two field hearings led by
the House Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation to
Laredo last Friday. House Republicans called for the hearings after the
passage of both the Senate and House immigration bills, which are directly
at odds with one another. While the Senate's bipartisan bill (S 2611)
attempts to deal with the US's undocumented population while tightening
border security, the House's (HR 4437) puts border enforcement before any
kind of real immigration policy and is backed by 236 Republicans and a lone

"The purpose of [these hearings], titled Border Vulnerabilities and
International Terrorism, is to assess the threat of international terrorism
and scrutinize our nation's response," said House Subcommittee on
International Terrorism and Nonproliferation Chairman Ed Royce, R_Calif., at
the July 5 hearing in San Diego. The timing of the hearings, however -
before the congressional compromise of the two very different bills - has
caused many to call them nothing more than an attempt to whip up public
support for HR 4437 by linking terror attacks with immigration policy. The
hearings in Laredo, led by Royce, drew Texas Democratic Reps. Rubén
Hinojosa, Silvestre Reyes, Sheila Jackson Lee, and Charlie Gonzalez, all of
whom were agreed that the hearings were nothing but an example of, as
Gonzalez stated, "politics trumping policy."

Meanwhile, the Department of Homeland Security seems to be rendering the
House's hullabaloo moot by progressing full_steam ahead with plans to
militarize - and privatize - the border. According to CorpWatch, DHS is
courting defense contractors for help with border security. The corporate
watchdog group quoted Deputy Director Michael Jackson as saying, in a speech
to more than 400 defense contractors and homeland_security industrialists,
"We're asking you to come back and tell us how to do our business. We're
asking you. We're inviting you to tell us how to run our organization." A
slew of private companies, including Lockheed Martin, Boeing, and, Ericsson,
are vying for a $2.5 billion contract for the Secure Border Initiative
Network, which will be awarded in September.

<><><> 10

Washington Post

On Immigration, Liberalize to Crack Down

By Tamar Jacoby
Sunday, July 16, 2006; B07

The first House "field hearings" on immigration legislation have at times
seemed more like talk show free-for-alls than serious contributions to the
legislative process. Certainly this was true at the
session I attended in Laredo, Tex., where Republicans fanned voters' fears
by portraying the border as a "war zone" overrun by terrorists while equally
partisan Democrats gleefully bashed the GOP members for indulging in such
political theater -- and the audience responded in kind with alternating
bursts of cheers and boos. The Senate hearings, in contrast, have been
relatively dignified.

Even so, no one would seriously claim that the central issues in the
immigration debate -- the critical issues that divide the House and
Senate -- are being addressed, at least not yet. Most obviously lost in the
shuffle has been any real answer to the central question posed at the first
two House hearings: How do we effectively secure our borders against
terrorists and other criminals?

The House approach has been to stick to diagnosis -- mostly exaggerated
diagnosis of cross-border drug wars, gang violence and al-Qaeda
infiltration -- apparently in the hope that a remedy would suggest itself to
voters: sealing the border. The Senate, meanwhile, tried to change the
subject, focusing -- not wrongly but not quite aptly either -- on the
contributions of immigrants to the economy and the U.S.
military. If the public didn't know better, voters might think we faced a
choice: border security or economic well-being -- with no possibility of

But in fact that's not the choice at all: We can -- we must -- have both.
And the only way to get there -- the only way to gain control of the
border -- is through reform of the kind championed by President Bush and the
Senate that liberalizes our immigration law.

Liberalize to get control? No, it doesn't make sense at first blush. But
this is the paradox at the heart of immigration reform. Yes, our existing
law is inadequately enforced, both on the border and in the workplace. But
one of the main reasons for this endemic failure is that the law itself is
so unrealistically strict, so out of sync with our labor needs as to be --
like all unrealistic law -- practically unenforceable.

The best analogy is Prohibition: No matter what enforcement resources we
threw at that unrealistic ban, we couldn't make it stick. But realistic
regulation of alcohol use is another matter entirely -- easily achieved with
modest means, such as liquor licenses and import duties.

So, too, with immigration. As the law stands now, we admit only about
two-thirds of the labor we need to keep our economy growing, and the
additional third -- some 400,000 to 500,000 workers a year -- must get
here some other way, illegally. No wonder the Border Patrol is overwhelmed.

The logic behind reform is that if you create a legal way for these
now-illegal workers to come into the country you'll take the pressure off
the border. After all, once we've filled every available job -- every job
for which an employer can't find an American worker -- with an authorized
immigrant, there should be little incentive for other foreigners to risk
their lives making the trip. The bulk of those now coming illegally would
enter lawfully and be processed on the way in, while the illegal traffic
would slow to a trickle, far more easily turned back by the Border Patrol.

This isn't a new idea. The president rarely speaks about immigration without
talking about "taking the pressure off the border." But nobody at those
House hearings has seemed to remember the lesson -- or the
security dividend.

The person who first explained that dividend to me was a veteran border
agent in Arizona. "What if another 9/11 happens," he asked, "and it happens
on my watch? What if the bastards come across here in Arizona and I don't
catch them because I'm so busy chasing your next busboy or my next gardener
that I don't have time to do my job -- my real job -- catching terrorists? I
don't know how I'll live with myself."

The point is obvious enough: We need to take the busboys out of the equation
(by means of a temporary worker program) so that Border Patrol can focus on
the smugglers and terrorists who pose a genuine threat.

And, just as urgent, we need to find a way to bring the 12 million illegal
immigrants already in the country onto the right side of the law, creating
incentives for them to come forward, then registering, screening and, as
long as they stay here, keeping track of them.

The witnesses at the House hearings in Laredo weren't wrong: the criminal
"infrastructure" that has grown up to facilitate illegal immigration is
undermining our security, both on the border and throughout the country,
wherever these unauthorized workers and the forgers who cater to them have
settled. But the answer isn't just to crack down harder. It's to make the
law more realistic and enforceable by combining new toughness with
legalization and more visas for workers -- precisely as the Senate proposes
to do.

If only this summer's hearings would point policymakers in that direction --
if only House Republicans would go beyond exaggerated diagnoses to
solutions -- the political theater in Laredo and elsewhere might seem in
retrospect to have been worthwhile.

The writer is a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute

<><><> the end / el fin / tamat <><><>

Thursday, July 13, 2006

Immigrant Rights News -- Thurs, July 13, 2006

Immigrant Rights News -- Thurs, July 13, 2006

NOTE: If this is the first time you have received IRN or if you are
receiving IRN sporadically, please reply with your contact info if you would
like to continue receiving this info-blasts sent out 1-5 times/week. peace
c/s: Thank you.

1. Tucson Citizen, "Who polices the Border Patrol? Complaints go unanswered,
U.S. study finds"

2. Denver Post, "Survey: immigration debate increasing discrimination"

3. San Francisco Chronicle, "Supes push mayor to fight for sanctuary. House
immigration bill would reduce federal terror funds"

4. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Ordinance would bar renting to illegals.
Escondido official targets landlords"

5. Reuters, "Senate Votes to Strengthen Borders, FEMA"

6. The Tribune, "Senate moves to bolster border security"

7. Journal of Politics, "Latino Immigrants Come to the U.S. with Negative
Stereotypes of Black Americans, New Study Shows"

<><><> 1

Tucson Citizen

Who polices the Border Patrol?
Complaints go unanswered, U.S. study finds

Tucson Citizen

It is the largest law enforcement agency in southern Arizona, and some
critics say that, unlike police departments, the U.S. Border Patrol is
accountable to no one in the community.

The Arizona Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Human Rights in
2005 found that complaints against the federal agency go unanswered so
often, many border residents largely give up on the process.

Pima County residents Mark Meszaros and Rick and Carol Morgan said they have
been waiting for two months for a promised investigation into why a Border
Patrol agent threw down tire spikes on a dangerous mountain highway, causing
them to lose control of their motorcycles.

Michael Nicley, chief of the Border Patrol's Tucson sector, declined to be
interviewed for this article, but a spokesman said the agency takes
complaints seriously.

"We're very committed to the people we protect," said Senior Patrol Agent
Gustavo Soto. "We'll go through a process where phone calls will be made and
the situation will be dealt with."

Meszaros and the Morgans said they want to know when.

"(We) could have died out there that night," said Meszaros, 54, a Vietnam
War veteran and retired postal worker from Green Valley. "I support the
mission of the Border Patrol, but what that agent did was reckless and
negligent, and he should be punished. I don't want this happening to anyone

The Tucson sector, with more than 2,400 agents, may double in the next two

President Bush has called for the hiring of 6,000 more agents by 2008, with
2,500 slated for Arizona.

The Border Patrol's growing presence has some residents demanding greater
accountability from the agency, which has become an increasing part of daily

Meszaros and the Morgans never dreamed they would have a problem with the
Border Patrol.

On the night of May 13, the trio were traveling north on State Route 83 near
a dangerous curve. Morgan, 55, of Tucson, remembers seeing a Border Patrol
truck parked in the southbound lane.

As Morgan passed the agent, his Harley-Davidson ran over something that
sounded like a piece of metal.

Suddenly, the bike, with his wife, Carol, 54, on the back, started to wobble
as he struggled to maintain control.

Meszaros, close behind, ran over the same thing. The back of his bike
started to fishtail.

"The next second, my front tire went crazy," Meszaros said.

He had two major blowouts.

"It was a nightmare," he said.

A pickup behind him hit the metal and spun out of control.

Meszaros' bike veered off the highway toward a 15-foot drop and came to a
stop less than a foot from the edge, he said.

Morgan, a Vietnam War-era veteran and retired truck driver, managed to stop
his bike about a quarter of a mile down the road.

An Arizona Department of Public Safety officer appeared soon after and
searched the road for what they'd run over. By that time, whatever it was
had disappeared. So had the Border Patrol agent.

They thought it was a freak accident until the next morning, when Rick
Morgan inspected his bike and found a spike in the flat tire. Meszaros found
three spikes. The pickup driver, another.

The Morgans and Meszaros took the spikes to the Sonoita Border Patrol
station to file a complaint, and an agent acknowledged the spikes belonged
to the agency and promised an investigation.

Jim Oien, a spokesman for DPS, said his agency didn't begin an investigation
because there was no indication at the time that spikes were involved.

He was at a loss as to why any officer would put out spikes that a
motorcycle could hit, something his agency does not allow because it's so

"Unless maybe it was an ax murderer who had just killed five people and was
getting away," Oien said. "I can't think of any officer that would do that
unless he was out of his mind."

According to the Border Patrol, criminal, civil rights or abuse of power
allegations are investigated by the Department of Homeland Security's Joint
Intake Center.

Minor allegations are handled locally, and there is no standard protocol for
responding, Lisa Reed of the Tucson sector's community relations office told
the Human Rights Commission.

The committee has recommended that the Border Patrol reform its policies to
ensure that complaints are "investigated, results released and action

For now, the complaints from the Morgans and Meszaros are being treated as a
minor allegation.

Soto confirmed last week that a supervisor from the Sonoita station was
internally investigating the incident to see if policy was followed. Because
it is an ongoing investigation, he said, he could not discuss details.

Officials at DPS and the Tucson Police Department said they would have
handled the investigation differently. Both said such an allegation would
merit an independent investigation by their offices of professional
standards. DPS said it would contact the complainants within the next
business day.

Tucson police Chief Richard Miranda said an investigator would likely make
contact even sooner.

"We all make mistakes in our job," Miranda said. "The actions might have
been justified. Let's deal with that mistake, but the issue of them taking
the spikes away and not rendering aid and helping these people is a very
serious allegation of misconduct."

One Border Patrol critic believes the agency's accountability problems begin
with its screening practices, which "fail to meet the accepted standard in
American policing," said Kevin Gilmartin, a retired 20-year TPD veteran who
is now a law enforcement expert and conducts training for policing agencies
around the world and across the county, including the FBI.

Ninety-five percent of large law enforcement agencies subject applicants to
lie detector tests, but the Border Patrol does not, Gilmartin said.

The polygraph is an important tool and can reveal previous drug use and
criminal behavior, Gilmartin said.

The Border Patrol reserves the right to use lie tests, but does not do so on
a regular basis, said Mike Freil, a Border Patrol spokesman in Washington,

"It's a very rigorous process to become an agent," he said. "For every 30
applicants, only one becomes an agent."

Gilmartin said the unique nature of Border Patrol work should require the
most rigorous screening.

Agents work in remote locations far from supervision, where human and drug
smuggling is rampant, they have great powers of search and seizure and
apprehend people with scant understanding of their rights, Gilmartin said.

"Can you tell me another agency that is exposed, even remotely, to as much

<><><> 2

Denver Post

Survey: immigration debate increasing discrimination

By Denver

Amid the nationwide firestorm over immigration reform, a new survey says
America's Latinos are feeling more discrimination.

But they also say the debate over illegal immigrants and border security is
leading to greater political unity, according to the "2006 National Survey
of Latinos," released today by the Pew Hispanic Center.

"Latinos are feeling more discriminated against, politically energized and
unified following the immigration policy debate and the pro-immigration
marches this spring," the survey's authors said in a statement.

According to the survey, 54 percent of Latinos see discrimination as a
"major" problem, up from 51 percent when the survey was last conducted in
2004 and 44 percent in 2002.

Pew said 75 percent of Hispanics surveyed say the ongoing debate over
immigration policy will encourage more Latinos to vote in November, and 63
percent think recent pro-immigrant rallies "signal the beginning of a new
and lasting social movement," Pew concluded.

Pew said its survey was conducted by telephone among a nationally
representative sample of 2,000 Hispanic adults from June 5 to July 3, 2006.
The survey has a margin of error of 3.8 percent for the full sample.

"The survey shows that Latinos to some extent are holding the Republican
Party responsible for what they perceive to be the negative consequences of
the immigration debate, but the political impact of that perception is
uncertain," Pew said. "Party affiliation among Latino registered voters has
not changed significantly since the spring of 2004. However, the share of
Latinos who believe the Republican Party has the best position on
immigration has dropped from 25 percent to 16 percent in that time, with
virtually the entire loss coming among foreign-born Hispanics."

As for illegal immigrants, 72 percent of Latinos say they help more than
hurt the U.S. economy because they provide low-cost labor. Forty-eight
percent say more Latin Americans should be allowed to work legally in this

Latinos split on the issue of whether employers should be required to verify
a worker's legal status. Foreign-born Latinos overwhelmingly favor such a
rule, but foreign-born Hispanics are more divided, with 50 percent opposing
the verification requirement.

<><><> 3

San Francisco Chronicle

Supes push mayor to fight for sanctuary
House immigration bill would reduce federal terror funds

- Becky Bowman, Chronicle Staff Writer
Wednesday, July 12, 2006

San Francisco supervisors want Mayor Gavin Newsom and the state's
congressional delegation to speak out against a measure that could force the
city to choose between receiving counterterrorism funds or maintaining its
status as a sanctuary for illegal immigrants.

A resolution introduced Tuesday by Supervisor Gerardo Sandoval and
co-sponsored by at least four others on the board is in reaction to a House
of Representatives-passed appropriations bill provision that would deny
Homeland Security funding to municipalities with sanctuary policies. San
Francisco's city of refuge policy, adopted in 1985, forbids city employees
from enforcing U.S. immigration law.

Under the House measure passed last month, that policy could cost San
Francisco $27 million a year in counterterrorism funds, Sandoval said.

At Tuesday's board meeting, Sandoval introduced his resolution calling for
Newsom to speak up on the policy, for sanctuaries to fight using the federal
money as a "pawn in the debate over immigration," and for the city to urge
California's members of Congress to oppose efforts to eliminate local
sanctuary policies.

"There is absolutely no evidence at all to suggest that immigrants,
particularly those from Latin America, in any way contributed to acts of
terrorism" before or after 9/11, Sandoval said. "And yet that's the
suggestion at every turn, I think, in the political discourse in Washington,

Newsom carries political weight, Sandoval said, and should provide
leadership on the issue. New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, he pointed out,
was quick to speak out against the policy last week.

The House provision is not included in the Senate version of the same
appropriations bill being debated this week, said Howard Gantman, spokesman
for Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif.

That means the provision's fate depends on the conference committee formed
to reconcile the two bills before it heads to President Bush for signature.

E-mail Becky Bowman at

Page B - 7

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San Diego Union-Tribune

Ordinance would bar renting to illegals

Escondido official targets landlords

By Booyeon Lee

July 12, 2006

ESCONDIDO – Councilwoman Marie Waldron wants a municipal code that could
enable the city to fine or arrest landlords who house illegal immigrants.

“It's an added weapon in the arsenal,” Waldron said. “Because the federal
government has failed us, we can say to landlords who are aiding and
(sheltering) illegal immigrants in our city: 'We now have the power to fine
you, and if it continues, to arrest you.' ”

She proposes fining landlords $1,000 for every undocumented immigrant to
whom they lease apartments. If a fine isn't paid, the landlord could be
arrested. Two other council members welcomed the idea, which has been
characterized as un-American by a board member of the Chicano Federation of
San Diego County.

The idea comes from the small city of Hazleton, Pa. Its City Council has
tentatively approved the Illegal Immigration Relief Act, which would revoke
the business licenses of companies that hire illegal immigrants, levy $1,000
fines on landlords who rent to illegal immigrants, and make English the
city's official language.

In Escondido, the proposal is nothing more than one council member's idea,
said City Manager Clay Phillips, who met with Waldron for the first time
yesterday to discuss her proposal. Phillips said he would need a directive
from the City Council to begin drafting such a law.

“We're treading new ground here,” Phillips said. “I know of no other
California cities that have adopted such an ordinance, and we're looking
into it.”

City Attorney Jeffrey Epp, who was at the yesterday's meeting, said the city
will begin monitoring Hazleton's proposed ordinance and start discussing the
“great many legal issues that would have to be looked at when a city gets
into the immigration business.”

Waldron denies she is targeting the swelling population of Latino immigrants
living mostly in central Escondido.

“They could be Russian or Irish. I'm talking about illegal immigrants.
They're breaking the law and we don't want them here,” Waldron said in a
telephone interview yesterday.

In the interview, Waldron repeatedly referred to the problem of overcrowding
where three to five families live in apartments designed for single
families. A city-commissioned report concluded that Mission Park, a
neighborhood that includes City Hall, comprises mostly newly arrived Latino
immigrants squeezed into small apartments.

Latinos, who make up 42 percent of the city's population of 142,000, are by
far the predominant ethnic group in the city.

Bill Flores, an Escondido resident and a board member of the Chicano
Federation of San Diego County, called Waldron's proposal “un-American.”

An ordinance that imposes a fine for renting to undocumented immigrants
would make landlords suspicious of any Latinos, whether they are in the
country legally or not, said Flores, a retired assistant sheriff.
Considering the city's large Latino population, Flores said, such a proposal
“demonstrates that this elected person is willing to drive a wedge and
divide the community for temporary political expediency.”

The San Diego County Apartment Association is worried that such a law might
expose landlords to lawsuits.

“No one in our industry wants to see this happen,” said Alan Pentico, the
association's director of public affairs. “It's really going to put
landlords in a bad situation where we're breaking one law to uphold

Pentico said landlords cannot ask questions of nationality. Fair-housing law
prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, sexual orientation and
national origin.

Although Waldron's proposal is just an idea and no date has been set for a
public hearing, she already has the support of at least two other council
members. Councilman Sam Abed supports the proposal, and Councilman Ed Gallo
said he would vote for it as long as it “passes the legal muster and doesn't
infringe on private property rights.”

Mayor Lori Holt Pfeiler said it's a sad day when a local elected official
has to propose a law that deals with federal and state matters.

“Illegal immigration is a federal issue. Housing is a state issue,” Pfeiler
said. “This shows that there's been a complete breakdown of our system.”

Pfeiler said she has not been briefed by any city official, including
Waldron, about the proposal.

“I don't know what she's proposing. But from what I can tell, it raises all
kinds of issues,” she said. “What do we do? Start knocking on every door and
say, 'Show us all your papers?' How do you go about doing this?”

Booyeon Lee: (760) 737-7566;

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July 11, 2006

Senate Votes to Strengthen Borders, FEMA

Washington (Reuters) -- The U.S. Senate on Tuesday approved nearly $1
billion in additional funds to help secure America's borders and ports
and voted to strengthen the troubled Federal Emergency Management Agency
that was blamed for a poor response to Hurricane Katrina. Domestic
security funding bill to overhaul FEMA and rename it the U.S. Emergency
Management Authority with a director who would have direct access to the

``The new name signals a fresh start for FEMA,'' said Susan Collins, a
Maine Republican who chairs the Senate panel that oversees FEMA.

A second amendment, which failed, would have returned FEMA to its
original status as an independent agency by removing it from the
Department of Homeland Security, as some agency critics have

The restructured FEMA, which would have to be approved by the U.S. House
of Representatives, would be protected from future attempts to meddle in
its essential functions, Collins said. She added that the agency's focus
on regional services would be strengthened too.

In an attempt to reinforce U.S. borders against smuggling of weapons of
mass destruction and other illegal activities, the Senate approved an
additional $648 million for port security. The money would pay for more
inspectors and more advanced equipment to scan shipping containers.

Sen. Robert Byrd, a West Virginia Democrat, won the added port security
money as part of a $32.8 billion domestic security spending bill for
next year after describing ''paper-thin security'' at American ports

Earlier this year, the Senate approved a similar measure as part of an
emergency funding bill for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. But it was
dropped during negotiations with the House of Representatives and White

The Senate also approved another Byrd amendment adding $350 million for
border security. The money would buy aircraft, buses and other vehicles
to help border patrol agents and to improve fences and other border

The additional border spending would be paid for by increasing fees for
non-Americans who use the services of U.S. immigration and customs

The House has already passed its version of a fiscal 2007 domestic
security spending bill and it is not clear whether it will accept the
border protection and port changes approved by the Senate.

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The Tribune (San Luis Obispo, CA)

Thu, Jul. 13, 2006

Senate moves to bolster border security

Associated Press

WASHINGTON - The Senate voted unanimously Thursday to bolster security at
U.S. borders by pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into more patrols,
surveillance flights and sensors to catch illegal immigrants sneaking into
the country.

Senators approved the $32.7 billion budget for Homeland Security Department
next year by a vote of 100-0. But they rejected proposals to boost funds for
cities and states at high risk of terrorism attacks, a sore subject amid a
recent spate of terrorism-related arrests and threats targeting metropolitan

With border security and immigration reform a top election-year priority,
the Senate also agreed to make digging tunnels under the border a felony but
rejected adding another 370 miles of fencing along the 2,000-mile
U.S.-Mexico border. About 75 miles of the border is now fenced. The House
has voted to add 700 miles of fencing.

"The fact of the matter is that South America and Mexico itself have become
a land bridge for people from around the world seeking to come through our
southern border into the United States," said Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas.

Security gaps at U.S. borders "allow gang members, allow common criminals,
allow narco traffickers, and yes, even terrorists to enter our country
without our knowing it," Cornyn said.

Senators from states that border Canada also demanded additional
surveillance flights and patrol officers along that 4,000-mile stretch.

Noting efforts on the southern border to combat immigration, Sen. Max
Baucus, D-Mont., said security programs "on the northern border are more to
combat terrorism."

The spending plan included a $1 billion increase for security staff and
equipment at borders and ports. A third of the cost would be covered through
higher immigration fees.

The Senate bill is about $1.7 billion more than President Bush requested and
$700 million larger than a bill passed by the House last month. For the
second straight year, the Senate joined the House in rejecting Bush's call
for $1.3 billion in new taxes on airline tickets to pay for homeland
security spending increases.

Democrats were largely unsuccessful in trying to provide more money to first
responders and counterterror and disaster relief programs in states and
cities. Republicans cited budget restraints. But senators from both parties
argued against a plan by Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J., to shift the bulk of
funds to the 14 largest and most vulnerable states.

"Let's put the money where the risk is," said Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J.
"That's what this ought to be about - nothing more."

Critics, including Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, said some states would only
be assured of about $2 million annually under Menendez's plan. That "is
simply too low," she said.

Congress would like to finish and send to Bush both the homeland security
and military spending bills before the November election.

The Senate's homeland security spending bill also:

_Prohibits law enforcement officials from seizing firearms from law-abiding
citizens during a declared state of emergency. Sen. David Vitter, R-La.,
said that guns were taken from thousands of people trying to protect
themselves during the chaos of Hurricane Katrina, but Democrats protested
the plan as a threat to police trying to maintain order.

_Scraps the Federal Emergency Management Agency and rebuilds it under
another name in the wake of widespread criticism to its response to last
year's hurricanes. The new agency would remain part of Homeland Security. It
would combine emergency preparedness and response missions and could report
directly to the president during catastrophes.

_Gives the Homeland Security Department temporary authority to regulate
security at chemicals plants and storage facilities. The chemical industry
is believed to be a top target of terrorist organizations. Both the House
and Senate are considering legislation to make this authority permanent.

_Allows Americans to import prescription drugs from Canada despite a Food
and Drug Administration ban on importing prescription medicine into the
United States. U.S. Customs and Border Protection, an arm of Homeland
Security, began aggressively enforcing the ban last November by seizing
incoming medications at borders.

Prescription drugs - even those manufactured in the United States - are
generally sold at cheaper prices in Canada and other countries because of
government price controls.


The FY07 Homeland Security Appropriations bill, H.R. 5441, can be found at:

<><><> 7

Journal of Politics

Latino Immigrants Come to the U.S. with Negative Stereotypes of Black
Americans, New Study Shows

How Latino immigrants relate to blacks and whites -- and how those groups
relate to Latinos -- has implications for the social and political dynamic
of the South, says political scientist Paula McClain

Monday, July 10, 2006

Note to Editors:
A copy of the study is available in the August issue of theJournal of
Politics at Paula McClain can
be reached for comment at (919) 660-4303 or

Durham, N.C. -- Latinos bring negative stereotypes about black Americans to
the U.S. when they immigrate and identify more with whites than blacks,
according to a study of the changing political dynamics in the South.

The research also found that living in the same neighborhoods with black
Americans seems to reinforce, rather than reduce, the negative stereotypes
Latino immigrants have of blacks, said Paula D. McClain, a Duke University
political science professor who is the study's lead author.

McClain said the findings are significant because the South has the largest
population of blacks in the U.S. and has been defined more than other
regions along a black-white divide. How Latino immigrants relate to blacks
and whites -- and how those groups relate to Latinos -- has implications for
the social and political dynamic of the region, she said.

"Given the increasing number of Latino immigrants in the South and the
possibility that over time their numbers might rival or even surpass black
Americans in the region, if large portions of Latino immigrants maintain
negative attitudes of black Americans, where will this leave blacks?" the
researchers wrote. "Will blacks find that they must not only make demands on
whites for continued progress, but also mount a fight on another front
against Latinos?"

In an interview, McClain added: "We're actually pretty depressed about a lot
of our findings."

The findings will be published in the August issue of the Journal of
Politics, which is already available online
( The study was funded by the
Ford Foundation.

The study's co-authors are Niambi M. Carter, Victoria M. DeFrancesco Soto
and Monique L. Lyle of Duke; Jeffrey D. Grynaviski of the University of
Chicago; Shayla C. Nunnally of the University of Connecticut; Thomas J.
Scotto of West Virginia University; J. Alan Kendrick of St. Augustine's
College; and Gerald F. Lackey and Kendra Davenport Cotton of the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

The findings are based on a 2003 survey, conducted in English and Spanish,
of 500 Durham, N.C., residents, including 160 whites, 151 blacks and 167
Latinos. Durham was chosen for the pilot study because North Carolina has
the fastest-growing Latino population in the country, and because Durham's
black population includes residents at all socioeconomic levels.

The goal was to understand how Latino immigration -- a population largely
new to the South in the past decade -- affects group dynamics in the South,
which has historically been defined by the relationship between blacks and
whites. The survey focused on a range of social and political activities and
attitudes, including stereotypes each group holds about the other two.

Researchers found that 58.9 percent of Latino immigrants -- most Latinos in
Durham are from Mexico -- feel that few or almost no blacks are
hard-working. About one-third, or 32.5 percent, of Latino immigrants
reported they feel few or almost no blacks are easy to get along with. More
than half of the Latino immigrants, or 56.9 percent, feel that few or almost
no blacks could be trusted.

Within the Latino immigrant population, researchers found, more-educated
Latinos have significantly fewer negative stereotypes, and men have
significantly more negative stereotypes.

"One might think that the cause of the Latinos' negative opinions about
blacks is the transmission of prejudice from Southern whites, but our data
do not support this notion," the researchers wrote.

White residents in Durham actually have a more positive view of blacks,
leading researchers to conclude that Latinos' negative views were not
adopted from whites.

In the survey, only 9.3 percent of whites surveyed indicate that few blacks
are hard-working; only 8.4 percent believe few or almost no blacks are easy
to get along with; and only 9.6 percent feel that few or almost no blacks
can be trusted.

The researchers also noted that if whites were the primary influence on
Latinos' stereotypes, Latinos would become more prejudiced the longer they
are in the U.S.; the findings do not support that notion. The researchers
also investigated whether Latinos might be reciprocating the prejudice they
sense from blacks; again, the survey did not support this theory.

The survey showed that blacks view Latinos much more favorably than Latinos
view blacks. About 72 percent of blacks feel most or almost all Latinos are
hard-working, and 42.8 percent say most or almost all Latinos are easy to
get along with. About one-third, or 32.6 percent, of blacks feel few or no
Latinos could be trusted.


The researchers concluded that Latino immigrants may bring their feelings
about the racial hierarchies in their own countries with them to the U.S.
The researchers noted that previous studies on race and Latin America,
especially Mexico, identify blacks as "representing the bottom rungs of

The study also looked at the racial group with whom Latino immigrants most
identify. More than 78 percent feel they have the most in common with
whites, and 52.8 percent said they have the least in common with blacks.

Whites do not feel the same connection to Latino immigrants. Nearly half of
whites -- 47.5 percent -- reported they have the least in common with
Latinos. Just 22.2 percent of whites see themselves as having the most in
common with Latinos, while 45.9 percent say they have the most in common
with blacks.

Among blacks, respondents are split -- 49.6 percent say blacks have the most
in common with Latinos, while 45.5 percent say they have the most in common
with whites.

The study did find that several factors do reduce stereotypes. For instance,
when Latinos have a sense of "linked fate" with other Latinos -- or the
sense that what happens to other Latinos affects them -- they tend to have
fewer stereotypes against blacks.

"The finding that these negative attitudes are modulated by a sense of
linked fate suggests possibilities for the formation of connections to black
Americans in the absence of the presence of an extant American Latino
community," the researchers wrote.

The researchers also noted that education and some types of social
interaction with blacks can reduce negative stereotypes among Latinos.
However, one type of social interaction -- living in the same neighborhood -
"pushes them farther away from blacks and closer to whites," the study said.

"These new Latino immigrants may behave in ways similar to the Chinese in
Mississippi in the mid-19th century, and the Cubans in Miami in the mid-20th
century -- identification with whites, distancing themselves from blacks,
and feeling no responsibility to rectify the continuing inequalities of
black Americans," the researchers wrote.


McClain noted that more research needs to be done to fully understand these
findings. Her research team plans to expand the study to determine whether
the Durham findings mirror Latino-black relations in other Southern cities.
In addition to re-surveying Durham residents, her group plans to study
Memphis, Tenn.; Greensboro, N.C.; Greenville, S.C.; and Dalton, Ga. She
recently received a grant from the Russell Sage Foundation to survey three
of the cities and will seek funding from other sources to fund the remaining
two cities.

While the topic requires additional research, McClain said the initial
findings indicate that community leaders in cities with burgeoning Latino
immigrant populations must begin thinking through how the different groups
get along.

"Black and Latino leaders need to recognize that there is a tremendous
potential for conflict and that Latino immigrant attitudes toward black
Americans may be a part of that," she said. "There is also a potential for a
backlash against Latino immigrants from black Americans."
For more information, contact: Kelly Gilmer | (919) 681-8065 |

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